Što je Linux?

Kad čujete riječ Linux, možda pomislite na bradate programere kako tipkaju neshvatljiv kod na crnom zaslonu. Dobre vijesti - stvari su se promjenile!


Linux je operacijski sustav, veliki komad softvera koji upravlja vašim računalom. Sličan je Microsoftovim Windowsima, ali je potpuno slobodan. GNU/Linux je točniji naziv ali češće se koristi "Linux".

Linux is not one company's product, but a number of companies and groups of people contribute to it. In fact, the GNU/Linux system is a core component, which is branched off into many different products. They are called distributions.

Distribucije u potpunosti mijenjaju izgled i funkcionalnost Linuxa. Postoje u rasponu od velikih sustava, potpuno podržanih od strane poduzeća, do malenih koji stanu na prijenosnu USB memoriju ili rade na starim računalima i kakve često razvijaju volonteri.

Korištenje Linuxa

GNU/Linux is no harder to use than Windows, and has many more capabilities. It just takes a dozen minutes to get familiar with a distribution like Ubuntu or Fedora, which come in with many programs installed.

If you need commercial-quality software to work with business documents, Internet/networking, or multimedia and graphics, it's there right out of the box. Want more than that? Linux can do – there are many hundreds of free, high quality applications you can find, install and uninstall neatly and easily.

You shouldn't assume however, that Linux is a clone of Windows. To know what to expect when stepping into it, we suggest you read our Making the switch page.

The larger picture

When you get a distribution of GNU/Linux, you also get the freedom to study, copy, change, and redistribute it – that's what makes it truly free software.

Many companies develop their own operating system based on the core GNU software: products they do not have exclusive rights on. How does the wheel turn?

  • Most companies make a profit by selling support and services around their GNU/Linux distribution. Corporate customers buy guaranteed security updates and assistance. Other services often include training and on-demand improvements to software.
  • Some companies, such as HP or IBM, contribute to Linux because they pre-install it on servers they sell.
  • An extremely wide community participates in the development and improvement of software, decreasing costs and improving efficiency.

In the end, individual end-users often get the software at zero cost, while corporate customers are often happy to pay for more support.

Zašto ne Windowsi?

Zašto bismo trebali izbjegavati korištenje Microsoftovih Windowsa?

Prijeđi na Linux

Gdje preuzeti i kako zakoračiti u Linux?