从 Windows 到 GNU/Linux

这些是用户从 Windows 转到 GNU/Linux 后日常使用软件的比较。

GNU/Linux 做的更好

自由

与 Windows 不同,GNU/Linux 是自由软件(free software)。在所有的电脑上安装它,为你的朋友们制作副本!你可以学习它,定制它或者构建及出售自己的发行版。

程序

GNU/Linux 提供了丰富的免费软件。比如编写论文、刻录音乐光盘、修整照片、设计网站或者整理音乐等等。您不需要购买一个价格高达 200 美元的、受限制的商业软件。

内置的软件安装工具使得寻找、安装或移除程序变得异常简便。

并且这很安全:您可以永远忘记那些残废的试用版软件,和泛滥于网络上的那些有害的免费软件。

不再挣扎

让您的电脑青春常驻无须费功夫。一年之后,GNU/Linux跑起来还跟第一天那么快。它还有可能让您作古的PC起死回生。

并且 GNU/Linux 给予您选择是否使用一个软件的权力。如果您曾经被 IE 浏览器、视窗媒体播放器或广告软件和浏览器工具栏困扰,GNU/Linux 可以带给你清新、无烦恼。

安全

Forget expensive and restrictive anti-virus, anti-spyware, anti-anything and anti-everything. GNU/Linux is very, very secure.

It is often difficult for Windows users to believe that there are no spyware nor viruses under GNU/Linux — but it's true. Malicious programs have a hard time doing anything at all in a well-built system.

通常情况下,轻松完成的软件更新会让每个人都处于安全的保障下。

支持

GNU/Linux benefits from a great sense of community whose friendliness will surprise you. If you try to do something complicated but can't succeed, there are a lot of people around to help you out. Our "更多" page gives a few pointers.

在 GNU/Linux 发行版背后的那些公司——比如 CanonicalRed Hat——将会给您专家级的社区支持。

在 GNU/Linux 中基本无差别

Fundamentally, everyday users will find GNU/Linux similar in use to Windows or macOS.

常规设置

If you still believe GNU/Linux is controlled with code and command-line, you should update your views!

Just like Windows, GNU/Linux has to boot when you switch your computer on, and then you use programs in it to do different things. The taskbar and layout of applications will feel familiar to Windows or macOS users.

网页浏览和一般任务

在 Linux 上看到的网页和 Windows 下完全相同(事实上您可以选择继续使用您已经在使用的软件如 Firefox 或者 Google Chrome)。当然,您也可以像在Windows下一样查看您的照片,享受您的音乐。文件和文件夹的管理和 Windows 下的 Explorer 非常相似。

What is not as good in GNU/Linux

驱动支持

Manufacturers of computer hardware don't always (yet) release drivers for GNU/Linux or publicize full specifications.

所以有时您可能无法找到高端显卡的最新驱动—有些驱动是由志愿者们从 Windows 驱动反编译得来的,而有些驱动是免费,但不自由的。

很不幸的,这个问题在一些低端无线网卡上也会出现。

However, the vast majority of computers with standard hardware work out of the box with main GNU/Linux distributions. Common hardware such as USB keys or photo cameras never are a problem.

受限制的DVD光盘

Many multimedia formats in use are proprietary and not openly specified; this means, broadly speaking, that GNU/Linux programmers have to find out how to read them without any help from the format designers.

This might lead you to circumvent the restrictions in some DVDs and the DRM in some music files, even if you purchased them in full legality, to be make them work under GNU/Linux. Unfortunately, depending on where you live, such circumvention processes may be illegal even if you purchased your media entirely legally.

Read more in our GNU/Linux FAQ:

游戏

Hard-core computer gamers, you might find that the GNU/Linux gaming world is less professional and out-of-the-box than under Windows: the large game developing companies are only slowly getting interested in the free software world, which means that many well-known titles do not work on GNU/Linux, or need special restrictive emulators to work.

There is a very active free software game development community though, and they have produced quite a few high-quality games, both 2D and 3D, that are free software. You can head to the Ubuntu gaming forum to find more information. And with the release of the popular Steam platform to GNU/Linux, the number of GNU/Linux supported games on Steam has been growing rapidly.

Read more in our GNU/Linux FAQ:

休眠

因为上面所述的问题,休眠并不总是稳定的。如果您笔记本的驱动不是自由的,在休眠后您可能会断开与无线网络的连接。

结论

Whether you are going to enjoy GNU/Linux depends mostly on what you expect from it.

  • If you wish GNU/Linux to be just exactly like Windows, you will probably be disappointed. GNU/Linux is built by people who simply wish it to be different. In the free software community, members have different visions of what makes an ideal operating system. These differences lead to variety, which is what makes GNU/Linux so special and interesting.
  • 您的自由是我们最大的希望。千千万万的社区和公司为了您对自由的需求不懈奋斗着。使用 GNU/Linux 会让您感受到真正的自由。
  • 这太有趣了!希望拥有这样一个操作系统吗?——没有任何恶意软件,没有任何病毒,没有注册,没有试用!自由地寻找自由的软件吧,让使用计算机突然充满乐趣!

我们期待着您来到 Linux 阵营中,这里广大的社区在等待着您。没有人会要求您购买,没有人会强迫您注册!